Tooth Decay

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Understanding Tooth Decay (Dental Caries)

Tooth Decay Overview
Tooth decay is one of the common dental problems that majority of people suffer from. Although anyone can have a problem with tooth decay, children and senior citizens are at highest risk. Besides the dental pain that a patient experiences the condition often leads to other complications when oral hygiene is lacking. Such early signs of dental pain include dentin hypersensitivity indicating tooth erosion. Poor oral hygiene that allows plaque and tartar to accumulate can accelerate this process of dental caries.

Causes of Tooth Decay
Tooth decay, which is also called dental cavities or dental caries, is the destruction of the outer surface (tooth enamel erosion) of a tooth and progresses toward the interior (dentine). Pulp of the tooth is most likely to get infected which may be treated with antibiotics followed by root canal treatment or extraction. Decay results from the action of bacteria that live in plaque, which is a sticky, whitish film formed by a protein in saliva and sugary substances in the mouth. The plaque bacteria sticking to tooth enamel use the sugar and starch from food particles in the mouth to produce acid and demineralizing tooth enamel.

Other factors causing tooth decay include: smoking, dry mouth, ageing, gum recession, eating disorder, failing dental fillings, chemotherapy/radio therapy, and reflux.

Types of Tooth Decay
Root cavities - The root type of cavity is more common in older patients. This type of decay happens at the front of the tooth root.
Smooth surface cavities - The smooth surface cavity is the easiest one to treat. It’s usually found on the flat surface of the tooth and affects those teeth found at the side of your mouth.
Pit and/or fissure cavities - The pit and fissure type of cavity affects the grooves of your back teeth and can spread very quickly.
Baby bottle tooth decay is a dental problem that frequently develops in infants that are put to bed with a bottle containing a sweet liquid.

Symptoms of Tooth Decay
The symptoms of tooth decay include tooth sensitivity, pain when you bite to eat anything sweet, hot or cold; bad breath, and finally the formation of pus around the affected tooth. Emergence of brown or black spots on the surface is the early warning signs followed by holes (cavities) in the tooth. Baby bottle tooth decay is bottle-mouth syndrome affecting the infants.

Prevention of Tooth Decay India
There are millions of bacteria present in our mouth. The bacterium eats the carbohydrates, digests them and turns them into an acid. This acid dissolves the enamel layer of your tooth and creates pits or holes, which is also called a cavity. Unfortunately, even good oral hygiene does not prevent tooth decay as the bacteria congregate in areas inaccessible to brushes and floss. However, tooth decay dentists India advise continue with brushing and flossing twice a day; maintain a healthy diet of nutritious foods and cheese as it increases the flow of saliva; avoid snacks and drinks that are high in sugar; try to use fluoridated water and toothpaste; Fluoride also allows teeth damaged by acid to repair, or remineralize them. Your dentist may also recommend daily use of OTC fluoridated anti hypersensitivity toothpaste with neutral pH to help re-harden softened tooth. But beyond this Fluoride cannot repair cavities; antimicrobial mouth rinse; regular dental checkup, taking x-rays periodically, and teeth cleaning; sealants and antibacterial therapy on the biting surfaces of the back teeth.

Tooth Decay Treatment in India
Your dentist in India will check the types of symptoms to ascertain the severity of damage caused by tooth decay. The diagnosis done at India Dental Clinic will be the deciding factor of the type of treatment for tooth decay that needs to be followed ensuring low cost dental care in India.

Treatment for tooth decay India options includes fluoride treatment, tooth fillings, tooth crowns or teeth extraction. Dental inlays and onlays can also be used to fill teeth. They specifically fill the size and shape of your cavity, and are fixed in place with dental cement. In very serious cases of tooth decay, the tooth may be removed to prevent the spread of infection. The important message here is that tooth decay, if left untreated, can cause various complications. These include gingivitis and periodontal gum disease, dental abscesses and teeth extractions. Losing certain teeth can affect the shape and function of the surrounding teeth, so the dentist India may have to do the affordable tooth replacement with a dental bridge or an artificial dental implant.

Tooth Decay Treatment Cost in India
Cost of tooth decay treatment in India is quite cheap. The tooth decay treatment cost in India will depend on the surgical procedure to be followed for this common dental problem. The treatment prices for dental fillings, inlay & onlay, root canal treatment, tooth extraction, crowns & bridges, or dental implants. The cost of dental treatment in India varies from one city to another and dentist experience, as you find travelling on dental tour to India covering cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Pune, Kochi, Kolkata, Trivandrum, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Indore, Dehradun, Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Agra, Gurgaon, Puducherry, Varanasi, Lucknow, and many others.

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